Fertility and Female Work Force Participation in Bangladesh: Causality and Cointegration

This paper examines the causal links between fertility and female labor force participation in Bangladesh over the period 1974-2000 by specifying a bivariate and several trivariate models in a vector error correction framework. The three trivariate models alternatively include average age at first marriage for females, per capita GDP and infant mortality rate, which control for the effects of other socio-economic factors on fertility and female labor force participation. All the specified models indicate an inverse long-run relationship between fertility and female labor force participation. While the bivariate model also indicates bidirectional causality, the multivariate models confirm only a unidirectional causality – from labor force participation to fertility. Further, per capita GDP and infant mortality rate appear to Granger-cause both fertility and female labor force participation.


Issue Date:
2003-09
Publication Type:
Working or Discussion Paper
DOI and Other Identifiers:
ISSN: 1442 8563 (Other)
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/106947
Total Pages:
20
JEL Codes:
C32; J13; J22
Series Statement:
Social Economics, Policy and Development
36




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2017-08-26

Fulltext:
Download fulltext
PDF

Rate this document:

Rate this document:
1
2
3
 
(Not yet reviewed)