AgEcon Search >
Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society >
2010 Conference (54th), February 10-12, 2010, Adelaide, Australia >
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title: ||ESTIMATING PRODUCTION RESPONSE OF BROADACRE FARMS IN WESTERN AUSTRALIA: THE NEXUS OF EMPIRICS AND ECONOMICS REVISITED|
|Authors: ||Xayavong, Vilaphonh|
|Keywords: ||Production Response|
Duality Production Theory
Nonlinear Inequality Constraints
Flexible Functional Forms.
|Issue Date: ||2010|
|Abstract: ||Recently there has been a growing debate as to whether the empirical properties of
production response derived from the multi-product framework are consistent with the
behavioral assumption in the duality theory of production. This issue could in turn affect
the reliable estimates of elasticities which are fundamental requirement to accurate
economic forecasting and valid analyses of the impacts of changes in government
policies or international events.
The crux of the debate is particularly related to whether to estimate cost or profit function
and which types of functional form should be used, as well as imposing restrictions on
profit and cost functions when those properties are not satisfied by the estimation models.
After reviewing the literature, we found that the duality theory may not always hold in
empirical work. This depends on many factors such as risk, stochastic error or data
quality, and selected functional forms. We also found that the normalized quadratic
function has more advantage than other functional forms, although all of flexible
functional forms often fail to pass the regularity condition in the duality theory. As such,
there is a requirement to impose curvature restriction if normalized quadratic function is
used and monotonicity condition needs to be checked if the cross price elasticities are
more than unity.
We examined the above-mentioned issues by estimating production response for
broadacre farms in Western Australia. A normalized quadratic profit function is estimated
using the ABARE’s quasi-micro farm level data for the period 1977/78 to 2005/06. The
result reflects the imposition of curvature restrictions for a normalized profit function,
and estimated elasticities are found to be less elastic in|
|Institution/Association: ||Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society>2010 Conference (54th), February 10-12, 2010, Adelaide, Australia|
|Total Pages: ||20|
|Collections:||2010 Conference (54th), February 10-12, 2010, Adelaide, Australia|
Recommend this item
Files in This Item:
All items in AgEcon Search are protected by copyright.