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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://purl.umn.edu/143073

Title: Impact of Agricultural Productivity Changes on Poverty Reduction in Developing Countries
Authors: Mendali, Rebati
Gunter, Lewell F.
Authors (Email): Mendali, Rebati (rebati@uga.edu)
Gunter, Lewell (lgunter@uga.edu)
Keywords: Total factor productivity
Poverty
Developing countries
Frontier analysis
Issue Date: 2013-01-19T21:07:17Z
Series/Report no.: Paper
Abstract: We use multiple measures of agricultural total factor productivity (TFP) change to examine the relationship between agricultural productivity and poverty in developing countries. We employ a stochastic frontier analysis to estimate agricultural TFP changes for 113 countries using output distance function in a multi input multi output framework. We then make alternative groupings of countries to allow for the possibility of different production frontiers for countries with different income level, and we examine the effect of these various measurements of agricultural TFP on poverty reduction. Results from the TFP analysis show that TFP change estimates by income groups differ from those estimated using all countries in a pooled model. This indicates that agricultural technology and production frontiers may differ across countries based on income levels. Preliminary results show that TFP change from the pooled model has significant impact on poverty reduction. However, TFP estimates from different income groups didn’t indicate significant impact on poverty. The relationship between TFP change and poverty is therefore sensitive to the method used to estimate agricultural productivity.
URI: http://purl.umn.edu/143073
Institution/Association: Southern Agricultural Economics Association>2013 Annual Meeting, February 2-5, 2013, Orlando, Florida
Collections:2013 Annual Meeting, February 2-5, 2013, Orlando, Florida

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