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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://purl.umn.edu/12002

Title: Features of Urban Food and Nutrition Security and Considerations for Successful Urban Programming
Authors: Ruel, Marie T.
Garrett, James L.
Authors (Email): Ruel, Marie T. (m.ruel@cgiar.org)
Keywords: urban food security
food expenditures
employment
childcare
urban programming
Issue Date: 2004
Abstract: In this paper we discuss the wide disparities that exist in childhood malnutrition, food insecurity and livelihoods within urban areas which, when combined with the mobility of urban residents, add to the complexity of designing, targeting and implementing urban programmes. Livelihood security in urban areas is dependent on cash income, especially for food expenditures, and hence employment. For women, employment brings about the need for support with childcare; we analyse a programme that provides the double benefit of delivering affordable and reliable childcare for extended hours, and allowing women to secure a more formal employment and obtaining employment benefits. Other factors that need to be considered in shaping urban programmes include land and housing security, the crime and violence situation, the availability and nature of social networks, and governance issues. Finally, we discuss potential strategic responses to the challenges of urban programming.
URI: http://purl.umn.edu/12002
Institution/Association: eJADE: electronic Journal of Agricultural and Development Economics>Volume 1, Issue 2, 2004
Total Pages: 30
Language: English
From Page: 242
To Page: 271
Collections:Volume 01, Issue 2, 2004

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